The purpose of this investigation was to determine the composition, as well as the conversion after polymerization, of some dental composite materials. Eight posterior composites and two anterior composites were investigated. The weight and volume fractions of inorganic fillers were determined by combustion and pycnometric analyses. The monomers were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by high performance liquid chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and gel permeation chromatography. Infrared multiple internal reflection spectroscopy was applied for determination of conversion of the methacrylate groups. The conversion in light activated materials was examined at shallow depths, that is, the level of optimal conversion. This investigation demonstrated that the conversion can be correlated with the composition of monomers and oligomers used in the materials.

Composites for use in posterior teeth: composition and conversion
Ruyter IE, Øysæd H
J Biomed Mater Res. 1987 Jan; 21(1): 11-23